Regulators Organization Established to Deal with Lawbreakers

The clipping noted below, written by Mrs. Wesley Hayse, was published in an undated, unsourced Bloomington newspaper under a column called “Looking Back.”  It was found in a scrapbook compiled by a man named Fred Lockwood.  The scrapbook is held by the Monroe County History Center, Bloomington, Indiana.  The item below was abbreviated from the original, as noted by the ellipsis, and excludes information pertaining to the development of Polk Township.

Horse thieves, crooks of every kind, burglars and counterfeiters seemed to overrun Indiana in the late forties and early fifties, and Monroe County seemed to receive her share of the unwelcome visitors.  Within the county, where the rough country was scarcely inhabited, the ravines and thickets furnished excellent retreats for the outlaws.

The southeastern portion of Monroe County showed early evidence of illegal transactions of this character and several residents of Polk Township were at times suspected of complicity, but nothing definite was learned until late in the fifties.

Many men of good character, who had previously bore good reputations, were sometimes inducted to connect themselves with manufacturers of counterfeit bills or bogus coins in order to reap a harvest for the time being, intending to later resume their places of respect among their fellowmen.

Before this, counterfeit bills on different state banks and bad coin of fair appearance, color and weight had made its appearance in the county at stores, and steps had been taken to find the guilty person or persons, but the rascals had a well-organized system and soon baffled the authorities.  It was no doubt but more of this money was actually manufactured within the county as passers of counterfeit money were quite numerous.


But finally conditions became so bad that an organization known as the Regulators, men of honesty in Monroe County and vicinity, resolved to, by their own efforts, end the career of the lawbreakers if careful vigilance and persistent effort could possibly bring such things to pass.  And these men did succeed and the plan soon became quite popular as the means of settling with criminals.

One man was shot in the jail in Bloomington by a mysterious crowd of men who overpowered the guards.

In a short time the plan meant grave abuses when a number of men held a grudge against a neighbor they would assemble at night, thoroughly disguised, and give the man a terrible whipping.  A man named Bingham received such severe treatment in this way that his body was a mass of bruised and blackened flesh from the whipping he received.  He died from the wounds within a few days, and he was said to be an honest, upright citizen.

Another man, named Vansickle, who lived in the southern part of Monroe County, was so severely whipped by masked men who took him out one night that he later died from the effects at what became known as “Vansickle’s Mill” in the southern part of Morgan County…

Gentry Bros. Organize Another Big Show

Gentry Bros. Circus poster–Library of Congress.

The front page of the Bloomington (IN) Evening World on October 22, 1917, announced that Bloomington, the home of circuses and circus men, was to have another big show enterprise organized by J. W. Gentry, East Kirkwood Avenue, who helped make the Gentry Bros. Show famous from coast to coast.  Gentry reportedly was at work on the formation of a company that would take out a big, overland circus next spring to be transported from town to town over the entire United States by motor trucks.


Gentry noted that the new circus will have elephants, camels, lions, monkeys, dogs and ponies and all kinds of circus acts, the best that money can buy.  As soon as the regular season opens, the show will play its opening performance here and then start out on a schedule that will take it to every state in the union.

The new project of transporting a big circus from city to city on motor trucks is no experiment as it was tried successfully last season by two or three men who stand high in the circus world, one of them being the son of Al Ringling of the famous Ringling show.  There are many things in favor of a motor transported circus, the chief item being the fact that one can be hauled and operated for about $500 less per day than those carried by the railroads.  With the wonderful improvement in road building, which is generally all over the country, a caravan of motor trucks can move the biggest kind of load over a hill, and the show has the advantage of being able to stop at all towns, playing them as they lay on the map.

The show will be first class in every particular and will start out with the Gentry stamp on it which means the very highest and best.  I will travel with the show as its head and general manager which will give the enterprise a wonder prestige wherever it goes.  A herd of elephants will be carried which insures that the equipment will be safely transported as the “bulls” could be used to boost the heavy trucks over any hill in case anything should go wrong with the motor.

The Gentry boys always put their whole soul into every project they undertake and with my 25 years of practical experience in the show business, the present undertaking will be like play.

NOTE:  In spite of this announcement, according to the February 2004 issue of the Journal of Gentry Genealogy the Gentrys lost control of the show in 1915 and 1916.  The new owners were Ben Austin and J. C. Newman.  In 1922 James Patterson purchased the circus and operated it as the Gentry-Patterson Circus until Henry and Floyd King took over in 1925.  On Thursday, October 23, 1929, the day before Black Friday on Wall Street, the Gentry Bros, in Paris, Tennessee, played it’s last and final show.  It then went into receivership and was eventually sold in lots.  James William “J. W.” Gentry died on December 3, 1936 at the age of 68 and was buried in Rose Hill Cemetery

Blog post by Randi Richardson

Establishment of Salt Creek Township and the Friendship Community

The clipping noted below, written by Mrs. Wesley Hayes, was published in an undated, unsourced Bloomington newspaper under a column called “Looking Back.”  It was found in a scrapbook compiled by a man named Fred Lockwood.  The scrapbook is held by the Monroe County History Center, Bloomington, Indiana.

salt creek…When Monroe County and all the territory of Indiana was a wilderness and only the necessary luxuries of life were considered, salt, the most common article of the present day, was considered one of the most important things to be thought of by the early settlers for at that time salt was a scarce and costly article in the woods, made so by the great cost of transportation.

It was during the year 1822 that Bloomington, along with the surrounding community, felt rather well off when it was discovered that salt could be manufactured within the county.

There were numerous salt springs discovered in Salt Creek Township, made so by the wild deer that came to them to drink. These springs became famous in times as “deer licks,” where, as long as the animals were found in abundance in Monroe County, they could be killed by hunters.  It was from this discovery that the present day Salt Creek Township got its name.

Some of the salty localities showed so much evidence of strength in salt that it was decided by early settlers to evaporate the water and thus began the business of manufacturing salt in Monroe County.  We find from early history that in 1822 Henry Wampler, Thomas Literal (sic) and several others bored a well on Section 12, Township 8 North, Range 1 East, now a part of Salt Creek Township, and found an abundance of excellent brine.

These men erected shanties, procured several large, iron kettles, and began the work of converting the salt water into salt.  They received a large patronage from the start and soon increased their output by adding more kettles and employing men to help refine the salt.  The salt works were conducted for a number of years and older residents tell us that more than 800 bushels of excellent salt was made in one year at this plant.

Traveling to the salt works by settlers became so great, even from the start, that the owners and several others, according to old records, petitioned the county board in 1823 to construct a road from Bloomington to the salt works.  The road was constructed as petitioned for.

In later years other wells were sunk in the township, one being near the iron bridge that now crosses Salt Creek.  This early manufacture of salt was before the settlement of the township and in 1825 the township received a separate existence and was named from the works which made the Salt Creek locality famous in that day and is now known as Salt Creek Township.

Although Salt Creek Township in Monroe County has added considerable to the growth of the county life by its salt works, the township can boast of no towns in the domain of boundary lines…[I]n the month of September 1857, James G. Fleener, with the assistance of the county surveyor laid off eighteen lots in Section 21, Township 8 North, Range 1 East, and named the plot thus laid out “Friendship.”

… Friendship was doomed to die on paper, as it seemed impossible to make friends who cared to live at the place through the trials of life.  [A]nd receiving no friendship, how could “Friendship” be shown.  The project was surrendered to the inevitable in a few short months.  Yet many good and prosperous farmers inhabit this township at the present time, but to these residents as well as those who used to live in the township, the at-one-time-town of Friendship will still be known and cherished as a sacred memory.


Ellen Strader Described Nauvoo, Illinois, to Bloomington Friends

In 1880, Ellen J. Strader, age 30 and a native of Illinois, was residing on College Avenue in Bloomington as one of two boarders with the family of Andrew and Martha Hoover.  She worked as a teacher.  When people learned that she was from Carthage, Illinois, only 22 miles from Nauvoo, she was often asked what she knew of the place.  They were curious because Joseph Smith, Jr., an advocate of polygamy and the founder of Mormonism, established a Mormon community in Nauvoo and attracted thousands of devoted followers.  In 1844, after being accused of treason and jailed, he was murdered in Carthage by a mob making it clear that the group could no longer remain in the area.    Three years later, in 1847, 70,000 Mormon pioneers set out on a journey to a new home in Salt Lake City.

Before Joseph Smith was murdered in Carthage, Illinois, he was tarred and feathered in 1832 while residing in Ohio

By 1886, Ellen had left Bloomington and returned to Carthage.  From there, the very place where Smith had been murdered, she soon wrote an open letter to her friends in Bloomington.  It was published in the Bloomington (IN) Telephone on August 13.  In that letter she explained that, having never been to Nauvoo and having been asked so often about it, she determined to make a visit there and see for herself.  Excerpts from that letter are noted below:

“The population, now numbering about 1,200, consists mainly of Catholics who support a large church and convent.  The city is divided into upper and lower Nauvoo.  The business and best portion is built upon the bluff back from the river.  In this part is the site of the old Mormon temple, not a stone of which remains to mark the spot.  Two modern buildings occupy the ground.”

“There is, however, a short distance from the site of the old temple, a storehouse built with the white limestone taken from the ruins.  In the lower part of the city is the large, frame building occupied by Joseph Smith; this is quite dilapidated.  Quite near this is a store building erected upon a part of the foundation Smith had prepared for a large residence.  Preparations seem to have been made for some nine or ten cellars.  These buildings constitute about all a visitor is shown of Mormon relics.”

More than a century has passed since Ellen’s letter was published.  In the interim, much has changed.  Nauvoo today is considered one of America’s premiere historic communities where visitors can explore more than 30 historic sites related to the Mormon community from 1839-1846, including the rebuilt Mormon temple on the original footprint of the building.  It is located about six hours from Bloomington on the western border of Illinois and adjacent to Iowa.

Ellen remained many years in Carthage.  In 1910, at the age of 60, she was enumerated there in the household of Marion A. and Bernice Munson.  She worked as a seamstress.  According to information at FindaGrave, she died in Arkansas on September 10, 1925, and was returned to Carthage for burial in the Moss Ridge Cemetery.


Blog post by Randi Richardson